Improving energy efficiency – or energy productivity – is a key pillar of Sustainable Development Goal 7. It is also a key foundation of Sustainable Energy for All’s work.
Of the three objectives of SEforAll, improving energy efficiency has the clearest impact on saving money, improving business results and fostering economic growth. It touches consumers in many ways, from better refrigerators that cost the same but use less energy; to new vehicle designs that travel further on less fuel; to buildings that require less energy for heating and cooling.
SDG7 specifically calls for doubling the rate of energy efficiency improvement by 2030. While we’re seeing efficiency improvements in many countries, global progress is not at the pace needed to meet the 2030 goals.
Results in the 2017 Global Tracking Framework show that global primary energy intensity improved at 2.1 percent a year from 2012 to 2014, still short of the SEforALL objective of a 2.6 percent compound annual growth rate from 2010 to 2030. Given this under-performance, our effective target rate is now higher, 2.8 percent a year.
The top 20 energy consuming economies globally accounted for more than 75 percent of global Total Primary Energy Supply (TPES). Four countries, China, the United States, India and Russia, accounted for nearly 50 percent of global TPES, with 22 percent attributed to China alone. Fifteen of these 20 countries reduced their energy intensity from 2012-14, with the United Kingdom, Nigeria, China, Italy, Australia, Russia and Mexico all reducing their intensity by more than 2 percent annually.