RISE Regulatory Environment

Which countries have an enabling environment for investment in energy efficiency?

 

QUICK FACTS

 

  • In 2015, about three-quarters of the countries surveyed in Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable energy (RISE) had legislation or an action plan in place to pursue energy efficiency but only two-thirds had fixed precise targets.
  • Barely a third of countries have made serious progress in labeling energy-efficient appliances—or establishing building energy codes for construction or minimum energy performance standards for industry.
  • In over three-quarters of countries worldwide, the utility is not a creditworthy entity, and most likely unable to fund new investments from its own balance sheet.
  • In a context of fast economic growth and sound nationwide electrification plan in the 1990s, Vietnam had successfully implemented load-shedding incentives in order to avoid a shortage of electrical capacity, in collaboration with the public utility as well as large consumers. Vietnam now scores the highest in the energy efficiency pillar among all developing countries.

 

 

NOTES: 1. Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) is a suite of indicators that assesses the legal and regulatory environment for investment in sustainable energy.
2. The dotted line represents approximately the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir by India and Pakistan. The final status of Jammu and Kashmir has not yet been agreed upon by the parties.
3. This map was produced by SEforALL. It is based on the UN Map of the World, which can be found here: http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/world.pdf. The boundaries, colors, denominations and any other information shown on this map does not imply, on the part of SEforALL, any judgment on the legal status of any territory or any endorsement or acceptance of such boundaries.

SOURCES: Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE), World Bank Group, 2017. Data extracted from http://rise.esmap.org/ on 06/23/2017.

 

CONTEXT

 

  • RISE offers policy makers and investors detailed country- level insights on the policy and regulatory environment for sustainable energy across 111 countries globally. It shines light on the need to attach greater political and policy priority to energy efficiency. Many countries have few or no policies in place to support energy efficiency.
  • Energy security concerns among high income countries in the 1970s spurred efforts to address wasteful energy consumption. Most of those countries now have ambitious policies and incentivizing regulatory environments in place. Leading scorers among developing countries are in Central Asia, in compliance with ambition levels of the EU Energy Efficiency Directive.
  • China started introducing energy efficiency measures in the 1980s to minimize energy imports as the economy expanded rapidly. Ambitious targets were set in its 12th Five Year Plan. TheThousandCompaniesEnergyConservationAction Plan mandates large energy users to conduct energy audits and report regularly. A mandatory labeling system covers products such as refrigerators, air conditioners, lighting equipment and industrial electric motors. Tax incentives, green bonds, and energy service contracts have been important drivers or consumers.
  • RISE suggests an important role for utilities in meeting efficiency, as well as access, objectives because of utilities’ in-depth knowledge of electricity consumers’ habits and because of their own power consumption. Yet only half of RISE countries require their utilities to undertake energy efficiency measures. There is a clear correlation between scoring well on the utilities indicator and scoring well across the board on all other energy efficiency indicators.
  • Since the 2011 Arab Spring, Egypt, Iran, Jordan, Morocco, and Tunisia have undertaken major energy subsidy reforms so as to reduce their fuel dependency and are beginning to let stronger price signals incentivize energy savings.